A. I. MODEL No. 2
The Definition of Abstraction
An abstraction is a state of mind
which reveals orders of distinction
that constitute the whole or part
of the structures and substructures
of the universe.
Any language or information-based system
which uses images, words, or symbols
to represent other states, systems, or events
is an abstraction.
For example, mathematics and art
are abstract systems. The languages, methods and tools
associated with these media were created and evolved
as a means of representing, simulating, and modeling
a variety of complex relationships and events
occurring within and around the human sphere
of activity and observation.
The human senses, including the primary senses
of sight, hearing, taste, touch, and smell
are finely tuned to detect a variety
of physical events in the surrounding media,
including light, sound, and temperature.
These physical events
are expressed in informational units or ‘quanta’
such as frequency, amplitude, and velocity.
The primary sensory detectors,
as well as other ‘senses’,
receive the information and transmit it to the brain,
where it is represented, abstractly,
in a variety of forms.
As the information is collected by the senses
and transmitted to the brain,
it is modified and reshaped,
both by the sensory input device,
such as the eye, ear, or skin,
and by various functions of the brain.
Together, the sense organs and the brain
limit, select, and abstract sensory information,
which ultimately forms the basis of perception.
It is not the sense organs, or the functions
of the brain which are abstract,
It is the data itself, the information patterns
which represent the light, sound, and temperature,
that is abstract.
An abstraction is anything conceptual.
Concepts, thoughts, and ideas are abstractions.
Concepts are the result of high-level functions of the brain
such as categorization, representation, transference,
and modeling of various information states or systems.
Thoughts are patterns of information
which are consciously processed in the brain
as images, words, or symbols.
Ideas are thoughts
which are associated with a specific course of action
or with solving a particular problem.
Concepts, thoughts, and ideas
are derived from external information
which is filtered through the senses, and from
genetic information which has been transmitted
from one generation to the next.
The significant influence
of sensory and genetic information operating within the brain
is consciously and unconsciously demonstrated
through normal patterns of human behavior.
Conversely, the impact of concepts, thoughts, and ideas
on the external world of physical events
is observed through the consequent changes
which are imposed on the surrounding environment.
The brain is a product of the physical environment
in which it has evolved. And the environment,
perhaps to a lesser extent, is influenced
by collective human behavior.
Although abstractions are the result
of physical processes which occur within the brain,
physical events in general, and the perception of these events,
function independently of one another.
Physical events continue to persist
irrespective of any observation or perception of them.
The act of storing and processing
information in the brain
is a complex process which,
by means of feedback and reflection,
describes the behavior of both itself
and the universe of which it is a part.
The following list contains 5 pairs of words which are:
A. I. MODEL No. 3
(Except for the subtitle, do not read words or letter-characters in italics.)
1) turn on the CD player and amplifier
2) open the disk-tray on the CD player
3) remove the disk from its holder
4) place the disk in the disk-tray
5) close the tray
6) locate the remote-control for the CD
7) find a comfortable position in the listening environment
8) press PLAY on the remote-control
(3 or 4-second pause)
a) Was it a clean beginning?
b) How is the fidelity of the recording?
c) Does the starting tempo feel exactly right?
d) What is the range of pitch variation in the music? How many octaves or registers are being used?
e) Is the music living up to its initial promise expressed in the first few seconds?
f) How is the dynamic balance? Are there sounds which are too loud, too soft.
g) Overall, is the music satisfying? Do I feel good listening to this music?
Does it hold my interest?
h) Now that the general pace has been established, does the tempo or pulse of the music feel comfortable? Is it too fast, or slow?
i) How is the timing. Does the music speed up or slow down in just the right way?
j) Is attention being given to every sound or phrase, or are some sounds being slighted in favor of others?
k) Is the overall structure coherent? What about content? What is the music about?
l) What are the ideas or concepts underlying the music? Is the music simulating or modeling familiar themes or events?
m) Is the timing of the music appropriate? What about pacing and synchronization? Is the music rhythmically stable?
n) Is the music too dense, or too sparse?
o) What about tone color? Is the combination of intensity and dynamics carefully balanced throughout the music?
p) Are the beginnings and endings of sounds and phrases varied in relation to their position in the music?
q) Is the sound projecting outward? Does it have a clear ‘presence’? Is the sound focused?
r) Does the music sound stiff, or does it seem spontaneous and animated?
s) Does the sound seem free and relaxed?
t) Is there a specific character or identity to the music? to each phrase or pattern? What about the different sections of the music?
u) Are smaller relationships evident? Are the larger structural relationships identifiable?
v) What about the overall continuity of the music? In what form or shape is the music evolving?
w) Am I interested in this music? Am I moved by it? Is it powerful or stimulating?
x) Will the music change me or my perceptions?
y) How will this piece end? Will it resolve itself in exactly the right way?
z) How was the overall duration? Too long, too short?
(Read the number once, then read each problem twice.
The repetition should be read slightly slower than the initial question.)
1. Time is to History as Space is to what?
2. Molecules are to Atoms as Quarks are to what?
3. Zero is to Minus-One as Infinity is to what?
4. Brain is to Mind as Body is to what?
5. Love is to Passion as Transcendence is to what?
If you believe that the mind and brain are separate, raise your right hand.
If you dream in color, raise your hand.
If you imagine that exotic relationships occur at the scale of atoms and quarks,
raise your left hand.
If you have observed that sounds tend to appear louder at or around the frequency of the human voice, clear your throat.
If you believe that extraterrestrial beings live on the planet Earth,
raise your hand.
If you believe that synchronicity and resonance occur at every order of
magnitude and scale, raise your hand.
If you doubt that extraterrestrial beings have visited the planet earth,
look down at the floor.
If you are left-handed, imagine raising your right hand.
If you have at some time looked through an observatory telescope, or an
If you have never traveled out of the country,
If you are ambidextrous,
If you know where you are in relation to the center of our galaxy,
gently rub an elbow, or move your foot imperceptibly.
If you get out of bed on the right side,
If you have ever taken a lie-detector test, don’t do anything.
If you know where you are in relation to the optical limit of the universe,
blink your eyes.
If you believe that there are humans living on the Earth who are thousands of
years old, turn your head.
If you don’t drive a car,
If you see a stranger in the room who looks like somebody you know,
If you don’t own a television,
If you have never seen the movie ‘Gone With The Wind’,
imagine the moment in time when humans first spoke aloud.
If you are introverted, look down at your shoes.
If your last name or names contain the name or names of both of your parents,
If you know a celebrity or someone who is famous, shout something.
Stand-up or say ‘I’, if you are self-conscious in most social situations.
If you have to cough, try and suppress it.
If you are a chronic liar, look up at the ceiling.
If you believe that the shell of a snail, or the scroll of a violin is the same shape
as your inner ear, shut your eyes, and imagine that you are a small creature, spinning slowly in a counterclockwise direction, while
translating through space at supersonic speed.