7 Short Texts

CHANGE

(not too slow)

Humans detect Change through the process of awareness.

Consciousness is the awareness of change.

Time is the rate of change, while Space is the extent of the change.

Motion is a change of location in space which occurs at various
speeds.

Speed is the rate of change, and the rate is determined by the
force which causes the change.

Change is created by a Force.

Force is Energy or Momentum which causes a change.

Energy and momentum which is organized about a central axis
produces Mass.

Density is the ratio of mass to volume, the number of entities
in a system per volume.

The mass and density of a thing determines its size and weight.

 

Mass and Density is created by Energy or Momentum.

A change of Energy or Momentum is caused by a Force.

Without Force there would be no Motion.

Without Motion there would be no Space or Time.

Without Space or Time there would be no Change.

Without Change there would be no Consciousness.

 

GENETIC  MUTATION

Genetic variation in a biological species
is caused by inconsistencies in gene replication.

A gene replicates with a low error rate,
on the order of 1 in 100 million,
which is sufficient to provide enough variation
for evolutionary development.

Enzymes replicate DNA which correct errors spontaneously. Since the
enzymes themselves are produced by genes, the mutation rate is under                             genetic control.

Since the majority of mutations are harmful, too high a mutation rate will
produce less offspring, yet too low a mutation rate will inhibit evolutionary                           adaptation.

Should genetic mutations be regarded as a biological anomaly,
or random misstep,
in the reproductive process of living systems?

Or should we consider the mutation of DNA
as a ‘fortunate accident’
which statistically guarantees that a species will survive
over millions of years?

Or perhaps gene mutation is an evolutionary adaptation,
part of a programmed strategy
contained within the copying instructions
embedded in the genetic code?

 

HOT  AND  COLD

A fluid medium
is any medium which contains molecules,
including solids, liquids, and gas.

A fluid medium is any medium which contains molecules,
including solids, liquids, and gas.

Temperature
is the average rate
at which molecules travel in a fluid medium.

Temperature is the average rate
at which molecules travel in a fluid medium.

Heat,
Heat
results from the temperature of a medium,

Heat results from the temperature of a medium,
which may range from very hot to extreme cold.

While temperature is the average rate
at which molecules travel in a medium,

heat,
the sensation of hot or cold,
is strictly a perceptual experience
determined by sensory responses
and brain processing
within the nervous system of humans
and other living creatures.

The sensation of a hot or cold temperature
occurs strictly within the nervous system,
and is processed by the brain.

The brain resolves temperature as heat.

The brain resolves temperature as heat
in the same way
that the frequency of a sound
in air
is represented
in the brain
as a musical pitch.

The brain resolves temperature as heat
in the same way
that the frequency of a sound in air
is represented in the brain
as a musical pitch.

 

COLLABORATION

Meeting 1:

What interests you?

He said: ‘Clarity’.
I said: ‘Resonance’.
She said: ‘The Moment of Grace’.

Meeting  2:

We defined our concerns.
He described ‘Clarity’ as specific and lucid,
as distinguished from ambiguity.
I defined ‘Resonance’ as a multiply-reflected state
of interconnectedness.
She described ‘The Moment of Grace’ as
the ultimate appropriateness of an action;
a momentary, indefinable state of balance
within and between self and other.

Meeting 3:

We agreed to meet in a dream.

Each of us would imagine a specific state or ‘private reality’
based on our shared interests,
retaining the images in our mind for as long as possible.
We would propagate our experiences toward one another,
remaining open to any possibility of feedback.

We would dream harmoniously,
in synchronous accord.

 

PROCRASTINATION

It is a curious phenomenon
that virtually all humans
procrastinate continuously,
in one form or another,
throughout their lifetimes.

It is equally puzzling when we try to imagine
the underlying reasons for this phenomenon.

Procrastination is as widespread as any behavior
that we observe. Yet from the view of evolution
what possible benefit does it provide?

It is clear enough what harm it can do
in slowing down efficiency
and disrupting the normal pattern of activity.

Perhaps it is a freak accident of genetics,
a mutated gene which persists
in causing the untimeliness of events
without causing enough harm to the species
to threaten its survival.

But what about its benefits?

One possibility is that
procrastination may act as a balance
against rapid efficiency, in order to maintain
a slower, steadier pace within the time demands
of our personal and social lives.

Another theory is that by putting something off
which needs doing,
we tend to focus more intently
on the thing in question
when we are ultimately confronted with the deadline.

 

TIME’S  CONSTANT

Time is the rate of change of an event. Space is the extent of the
change, and is equal to the quantity of substance which it                                        encompasses.

A space-time event refers to the combined rate and extent of the
incremental changes which constitute the event.

A planet, star, or galaxy moves through space at a specific velocity and
for a specified duration and distance, depending on the mass and                                       density of the body, the medium of travel, and the forces which act                                      upon it.

In general, space-time is a continuum in which there is no spatial
volume or time interval that is void of substance or activity, only a                                        more or less coherent interaction of events occurring at various                                    orders of magnitude and scale and at different velocities and                                             durations.

All objects and events are constituents of space, and evolve at time
durations and velocities which correspond to their changing states.

Space-time events are influenced by other events in varying degrees.
The more an event is influenced by another event, the less the degree                                of difference in space and time between the events.

Space-time relations are the absolute or observed intervals which occur
between the beginnings and endings of events, or which separate                                  events, in space and time.

Observation is the ability to distinguish change within a range of
greatest and least occurrence of mass, energy, and lifespan.

The observation of events is affected by the relative motions of the
observer and the observed.

Relative values for space-time intervals are determined by the
observer’s fixed or moving position in relation to the position of the                                    events which are being observed.

Variations in the observation of space-time intervals tend to alter the
observer’s awareness of them.

Although distances and times vary for different observers, they form
an absolute space-time interval for all observers.

Both the process of observing events and the events themselves have
absolute time values.

The observation of events is a result of the function of sensory organs
which detect physical events in the outside world, and of the nervous                                  system which transmits sensory information to the brain where it is                                   recorded and processed in various ways.

The rates of reception and transmission in the nervous system produce
a time lag which prevents the brain from processing information                                       instantaneously.

The time required to make an observation depends upon the combined
rates of reception and transmission in the nervous system, along with
the feedback rates governing the processes of the brain.

By processing information which has been recorded in memory, the
brain is able to observe the continuity of present events, recognize                                      past events, and predict future events. Future events are predicted by                                analyzing recurring patterns of information, and forming                                                  judgments based on the causal relations which determine those                                          patterns.

The ability to remember or predict events is due both to the causal
direction of events in time, and the functions of the brain which                                           process the events.

Two or more events which occur at the same time are simultaneous.

Events which are simultaneous occur at nearly the same time, but do
not necessarily begin or end at the same time or have equal time                                         values.

Although the consequences of changing events may be observed over
time, such as the gradual buildup of a mountain chain or the lifecycle                                  of a star, the combined action of all events occurring in the universe                                   at any given moment is nearly instantaneous.

All events occur simultaneously in the present.

The instantaneous moment of time in which all events occur is equal to
the minimum length of time required to cause a change.*

The average time rate at which all events occur is equal to the sum of
the rates divided by the number of events.

The instantaneous moment of time in which all events occur, and the
average rate of the events are constant.

 

* (In quantum physics, the minimum amount of time which is meaningful is equal to the unit of time known as the Plank time, or 10-43 sec. The Plank time is calculated by combining the fundamental constants of gravity, the average speed of light, and Plank’s constant. The Plank time is given by the square root of Gh/c5.)

 

50  QUESTIONS

Why do some planets and satellites have atmospheres
and others do not?

Why does our Moon have such a rarefied atmosphere?

How do we distinguish between events?

If you placed your bare hand in a molecular-free vacuum,
such as outer-space, what would happen to it?

How do we know when and what to eat? And how much?

What is the cause of inertia?

What exactly is human dignity?

Why does light travel at a constant speed?

Why do electrons ‘spin’ at certain speeds and not others?

What are the essential requirements for human adaptation?

How does a neutral particle acquire positive or negative charge?

Is space empty?

How are stars and galaxies formed?

Are humans the only animals that practice deception?

How fast am I traveling through space?

How do we re-experience a stored memory?

What is the most complex system in the known universe?

Does space create coherence or reject it?

Why is the Earth’s atmosphere stratified?

Why is the ear more sensitive to animate sounds than to inanimate ones?

Do all animals dream?

How does the brain network information?

How are functions of speaking and listening coordinated?

What is the longest known cycle of activity?

How are human expressions and emotions related?

What causes a person’s reach to exceed their grasp?

In a biological system, how is self-organization related to natural selection?

How does the brain make comparisons?

What is the underlying force which governs all changes?

How are electricity and magnetism related?

What is the smallest amount of time necessary to make a change?

Are humans the only animals which ask questions?

How are photons generated?

Why is a neutron heavier than a proton?

What causes a new species to arise?

What exactly is ‘common sense’?

Why does the Earth contain an abundance of water?

Why is the Earth tilted on its axis?

What causes cell differentiation and morphogenesis
in the development of an embryo?

Why do animals yawn?

Why are most galaxies formed in the shape of a spiral or ellipse?

How does a child acquire language?

What is the distance from the Earth to the optical limit of the Universe?

Why is there salt in the oceans?

What is time?

How does human behavior relate to the genetic code?

Why are electrons the same size?

How are thoughts and emotions related?

What is the origin of Art and Music?

How did life begin on Earth?

 

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